Critical thinking equips you with the skills to evaluate and analyze information, and obtaining the most knowledge from the information. Critical thinking reduces damage when mistakes occur, but also provides the greatest likelihood of making the right decisions.
Critical Thinking leads to a more ordered and logical thinking. It will decrease your bias and prejudice which provides for an improved perspective on your situation. It allows you to assess, recognize, and differentiate between irrelevant and pertinent information.
Critical thinking is similar to studying of common sense. It relates to decision making and good judgment. Critical thinking is not just thinking about thinking, but it is also about how we take action.
Reasoning is considered one of the characteristics of being human. The ability to reason well is a critical thinking skill. Reasoning occurs when we use our knowledge to determine if a statement is true, but human reasoning is often affected by emotion.
Open-mindedness takes into account relevant arguments or evidence to adjust current understandings. It means being open to alternatives, and willing to think about other possibilities after having formed an opinion. It is about not allowing pre-conceived notions to constrain on new information.
Analysis helps us to distinguish and access information. It helps us gain a better understanding by breaking down the complexity of an idea.
Logic is almost the same as reasoning; it gives us the rules for deriving legitimate conclusions. When reasoning does not follow these rules, it is illogical.
The characteristics of good critical thinkers.
- Active Listening
- Seeing the big picture
- Using your emotions
- Being self-aware
Benefits of Critical Thinking
- Better communication
- Being more persuasive
- Better problem solving
- Increased emotional intelligence